Object Details

Burton Memorial Tomb

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General Information
Classification
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Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright for Photograph:

Creative Commons

Location

Street:West Hill Road
Town:St. Leonards on Sea
Parish:Hastings
Council:Hastings Borough Council
County:East Sussex
Postcode:TN38
Location on Google Map
Object setting:Garden
Access is:Public
Location note:A small grassed family graveyard close to junction with Archery Road
In the AZ book:East Sussex
Page:127
Grid reference:H8
The A-Z books used are A-Z East Sussex and A-Z West Sussex (Editions 1A 2005). Geographers' A-Z Map Company Ltd. Sevenoaks.
OS Reference:TQ797089

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Makers

Name : Unknown

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General Information

Construction period:After 1837. Retaining wall built in 1973.
Work is:Extant
Object listing:Grade II: of special interest warranting every effort to preserve them
Description:The tomb is in the form of a pyramid. Plaques containing inscriptions are attached to each of the four faces. There is a retaining wall topped with copping stones. There is a small paved area and a slab covering the entrance to the tomb.
Inscription:Plaque on Western face:

In Memory of
JAMES BURTON ESQRE.
FOUNDER OF ST LEONARDS
Born July 29th 1761 Died March 31st 1837
ALSO
of ELIZABETH his wife
Born Decr. 12th 1761. Died Jan. 14th 1847.

Plaque on Eastern face:

IN MEMORY OF
JANE Widow of THOMAS WOOD.
Daughter of the late JAMES BURTON.
BORN 4TH APRIL 1792. DIED 11TH DECR. 1879.
Also of
DECIMUS BURTON F.R.S.
Son of the late JAMES BURTON.
BORN 30TH SEPTR. 1800. DIED 14TH DECR. 1881
WHO IS BURIED AT KENSAL GREEN

Plaque on Northern face:

IN MEMORY OF
ELIZA BURTON
Daughter of the late JAMES BURTON
BORN 29 SEPTR. 1786. DIED 6 FEB. 1877
Also of
ALFRED BURTON.
SON OF THE LATE JAMES BURTON.
BORN 18TH. JUNE 1802. DIED 24 APRIL 1877.
WHO IS BURIED AT FAIRLIGHT.

Plaque on Southern face:

IN MEMORY OF
EMILY JANE WOOD
BORN 15TH APRIL 1815.
DIED 17TH DECEMBER 1892.
ALSO OF
HELEN WOOD
3RD NOVEMBER 1816.
DIED 19TH JANUARY 1903

Inscription on copping stones, Eastern face:

THESE STONES WERE LAID BY JOHN FEARON M.A. TO COMMEMORATE THE RSETORATION OF HIS ANCESTORS' TOMB (all on one line – the last copping stone is missing and probably contained the date of the restoration, i.e. 1973)

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Classification

Categories:Funerary, Architectural, Commemorative
Object type1:Shaft
     Object subtype1:Pyramid
Object type2:Building
     Object subtype1:Mausoleum
Subject type1:Non-figurative

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Object Parts

Part 1:Tomb entrance
     Material:York stone slab
     Height (cm):10
     Width (cm):183
     Depth (cm):122
Part 2:Pyramid
     Material:Sandstone (local)
     Height (cm):415
     Width (cm):410
     Depth (cm):335
Part 3:Retaining wall
     Material:Sandstone, York stone copping slabs
     Height (cm):95
     Width (cm):425
     Depth (cm):410
Part 4:Plaques
     Material:Portland limestone

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Object Condition

Overall condition:Fair
Risk assessment:At risk
Condition 1 of type:Vandalism
     Condition 1: Structural damage
     More details:As one of the copping stones is completely missing and weighs a substantial amount, it can only be assumed that this has been stolen.
Condition 2 of type:Structural
     Condition 1: Loose elements
     Condition 2: Cracks, splits, breaks, holes
     Condition 3: Broken or missing parts
     More details:Some of the bricks forming the sides of the tomb entrance are displaced. One of the copping stones on top of the retaining wall is missing.
Condition 3 of type:Surface
     Condition 1: Surface spalling, crumbling
     Condition 2: Abrasions, cracks, splits
     Condition 3: Corrosion, Deterioration
     More details:Significant erosion of the blocks and mortar forming the sides of the pyramid. There is overall black soiling. Inscriptions are weathered with several letters / numbers gone completely but in the main the inscriptions are legible.
Date of on-site inspection:24/05/2007

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History

History:The builder James Burton (1761 - 1837) developed areas of London such as Regent Street, Bloomsbury, St. Johns Wood. He had a dream one night of a garden city by the sea. He was already in his 60s but in 1928 he began building his maritime paradise, St. Leonards and his son, Decimus (30 September 1800 - 14 December 1881) later completed the task. Family tradition says that Burton’s notion for the pyramid was to evade the Eastern curse: ‘May jackasses sit on your father’s grave’.

The Burton's St Leonards Society
The New Town St Leonards was the inspiration of James Burton, (1761 - 1837) and was subsequently enlarged by his son Decimus, (1800 -1881) both father and Son being famous as architects in Bloomsbury, in Tunbridge Wells and elsewhere. Founded in 1828, as an example of regency Town Planning and Garden Landscaping, it is unique.
In 1967 over-ambitious expansion schemes threatened the demolition of listed buildings and the destruction of the character of the area. ''Little Bloomsbury by the sea'' was set for extinction. The Burtons St Leonards Society was founded to stop the threat. Their campaign, backed by various organisations like the Civic Trust, the Georgian Group and Hastings Borough Council, resulted in the designation of the conservation area in 1969, by the Local Authority
The Need for Conservation
The aims of the society are, as well as general improvements:
•To encourage the conservation of the work of James and Decimus Burton
•To stimulate a high standard of Town Planning
•To prevent unsympathetic development in the area.
Hard archive file:Yes

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References

Source 1 :
     Title:‘Statues and Memorials in Hastings and St. Leonards: a report on condition and conservation option
     Type:Archive
     Author:Dinsmore, Jennifer.
     Location:Hastings Borough Council
     Date:00/00/1997
     Page:8
     Publisher:Hastings Museum and Art Gallery

Source 2 :
     Title:‘Curiosities of East Sussex: A County Guide to the Unusual’
     Type:Book
     Author:Arscott, David.
     Date:00/00/1991
     Publisher:S.B. Publications. Market Drayton.


Further information:
http://www.1066.net/burtons/intro.htm

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Photographs





Date: 24/05/2007
Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Date: 24/05/2007
Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Date: 24/05/2007
Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Date: 24/05/2007
Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons

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