Object Details

Devil's Dyke Commemorative Seat

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General Information
Classification
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Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright for Photograph:

Creative Commons

Location

Street:Devil's Dyke Road
Town:Poynings
Council:Mid Sussex District Council
County:West Sussex
Postcode:BN45
Location on Google Map
Object setting:Road or Wayside
Access is:Public
Location note:On the South Downs Way, at the top of Devil's Dyke overlooking the Weald
In the AZ book:East Sussex
Page:110
Grid reference:D3
The A-Z books used are A-Z East Sussex and A-Z West Sussex (Editions 1A 2005). Geographers' A-Z Map Company Ltd. Sevenoaks.

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Makers

Name : John Leopold Denman, F.R.I.B.A
     Role:Designer

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General Information

Commissioned by: Sir Herbert Carden, Brighton Town Councillor
Commissioned also by: Public subscription
Construction period:1928
Installation date:1928
Unveiling date:30/05/1928
Work is:Extant
Owner custodian:The National Trust
Object listing:Not listed
Description:Large high-backed, stone bench with seating and inscribed reliefs on the north-east and south-west sides. The seat is set into a rectangular area with decorative broken paving. To the north-west of the seat are three large blocks of stone into which are set information boards.
Inscription:Carved inscription around the Borough coat of arms to north-east side:

GOD GAVE ALL MEN
ALL EARTH TO LOVE

Carved inscription to south-west side:

IN DEO FIDEMUS
His Royal Highness the
DUKE OF YORK
K.G. R.C. K.T. G.C.M.G. G.C.V.O.
dedicated
THE DYKE ESTATE
To the use of the public
For ever on the 30th.May
1928

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Classification

Categories:Functional, Free Standing, Commemorative, Roadside / Wayside
Object type1:Street furniture
Subject type1:Non-figurative

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Object Parts

Part 1:Seat
     Material:Clipsham Limestone
     Height (cm):200
     Width (cm):305
     Depth (cm):147
Part 2:Stone blocks (3)
     Material:Stone
     Height (cm):95
     Width (cm):142
     Depth (cm):60

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Object Condition

Overall condition:Good
Risk assessment:No known risk
Condition 1 of type:Surface
     Condition 1: Corrosion, deterioration
     Condition 2: Biological growth
     More details:The inscription and relief on the north-east side is extremely weather-worn and the section of the inscription, ‘GOD GAVE ALL MEN’ now completely eroded away.
Date of on-site inspection:09/09/2008

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History

History:The Devil's Dyke is a deep valley in the South Downs, west of Saddlescombe and five miles north-west of Brighton. The hill at the top of the Dyke is 711 feet above sea-level providing spectacular views of the Weald. In April 1928 Herbert Carden led the initiative to purchase 190 acres of downland in the area for the Corporation. It cost £9,000. It was dedicated for public use by the Duke and Duchess of York on 30 May 1928 when the commemorative seat was unveiled following the opening of the Pylons at the boundary of the extended Borough. Tourist attractions at the Dyke since the late nineteenth century have included a hotel, a funfair, roller coaster, bandstand, funicular railway, a cable car, observatory and camera obscura. The funicular railway ran from 1897 until 1908 down the northern slope of the hill to a point west of Poynings village. There were two cars carrying fourteen passengers each. The cable car that ran across the Dyke ran between October 1894 until approximatesly 1909. It was Britain's first cable car and was suspended from two pylons 650 feet apart, carrying people 230 feet above the bottom of the valley.
(Encyclopaedia of Brighton)

The pictorial information plaques set into the stone blocks are by Martin Frost and were completed in 1998.

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References

Source 1 :
     Title:'Encyclopaedia OF Brighton'
     Type:Book
     Author:Carder, Timothy
     Publisher:East Sussex County Libraries. Lewes.


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Photographs





Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons

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