Object Details

Lion and Unicorn

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Location
Makers
General Information
Classification
Object Parts
Object Condition
History
References
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Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright for Photograph:

Creative Commons

Location

Street:Robertson Terrace
Town:Hastings
Parish:Hastings
Council:Hastings Borough Council
County:East Sussex
Postcode:TN34
Location on Google Map
Object setting:Road or Wayside
Access is:Public
Location note:South west (lion) and south east (unicorn) corners of the terrace
In the AZ book:East Sussex
Page:127
Grid reference:M7
The A-Z books used are A-Z East Sussex and A-Z West Sussex (Editions 1A 2005). Geographers' A-Z Map Company Ltd. Sevenoaks.
Previous location:Originally designed for the forecourt of Buckingham Palace

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Makers

Name : James George Bubb
     Role:Sculptor

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General Information

Construction period:Early 19th century
Work is:Extant
Owner custodian:Hastings Borough Council
Object listing:Not listed
Description:The statues, each standing on a tall pedestal, are a representation of the lion and unicorn from the United Kingdom Royal coat of arms. The plinths have carved floral panels on three sides. The lion stands at the west entrance of Robertson Terrace and the unicorn at the east.
Iconographical description:The figures represent the ‘Arms of Dominion’. The lion represents England and the Unicorn represents Scotland. The heraldic unicorn is chained as it was regarded in folklore as a very dangerous beast only tameable by a virgin.

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Classification

Categories:Roadside / Wayside, Heraldic, Free Standing, Sculptural, Animal
Object type1:Statue
Object type2:Sculpture
Subject type1:Mythological
Subject type2:Allegorical

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Object Parts

Part 1:Plinths
     Material:Concrete render over concrete and stone core
     Height (cm):240
     Width (cm):120
     Depth (cm):120
Part 2:Unicorn
     Material:Limestone
     Height (cm):180
     Width (cm):110
     Depth (cm):100
Part 3:Floral panels
     Material:Pink concrete over iron armature
     Height (cm):100
     Width (cm):50
     Depth (cm):5
Part 4:Lion
     Material:Limestone
     Height (cm):180
     Width (cm):110
     Depth (cm):100

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Object Condition

Overall condition:Poor
Risk assessment:Immediate risk
Condition 1 of type:Surface
     Condition 1: Previous treatments staining
     Condition 2: Surface spalling, crumbling
     Condition 3: Metallic staining
     Condition 4: Biological growth
     Condition 5: Abrasions, cracks, splits
     Condition 6: Corrosion, Deterioration
     More details:Lion: the sculpture is very weathered, causing loss of detail to the carving. Some areas of the sculpture are blackened. The plinth is in poor condition, he render is crumbling and in some areas detached. The corroding armatures are staining parts of the render. Unicorn: the statue is badly eroded on the South-east side and much of the detail on that side has been lost. Some areas of the sculpture are blackened and there is some lichen growth visible. On the plinth, the corroding armatures are staining parts of the render. There is some lichen and moss growth.
Condition 2 of type:Structural
     Condition 1: Cracks, splits, breaks, holes
     Condition 2: Broken or missing parts
     Condition 3: Armature exposed
     More details:Lion: the tail has been lost. The plinth is in poor condition. Part of the cornice on the North side is detached. The iron armatures in the panels are visibly corroded and this is splitting the panels. Evidence of previous repairs to the render is visible. Unicorn: the horn is lost. The plinth is cracked near the base on the South side. Evidence of previous repairs to the render is visible. The iron armatures in the panels are visibly corroded and this is splitting the panels.
Date of on-site inspection:24/05/2007

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History

History:The sculptures were originally designed for the forecourt of Buckingham Palace and moved to Hastings by Decimus Burton
Hard archive file:No

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References


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Photographs





Date: 15/10/2007
Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Date: 15/10/2007
Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Date: 15/10/2007
Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons




Date: 15/10/2007
Author: Anthony McIntosh
Copyright: Creative Commons

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